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Home Birth Consensus Summit Statements


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Recently, both Jill Arnold and Tara N. Gaston attended the Home Birth Consensus Summit along with representatives from a number of groups with a stake in home birth (see the stakeholder list here). After much work, thought, and a bit of fun, the assembled delegates were able to reach a consensus and worked together to create the following statement. None of the statements necessary reflect the opinion or agreement of any organization with which any of the delegates may be affiliated (you can find the list of delegates and biographical information here). The statements are obviously very broad, but the delegates also worked together to create action plans, some of which are already being implemented. 


We uphold the autonomy of all childbearing women.

All childbearing women, in all maternity care settings, should receive respectful, woman-centered care. This care should include opportunities for a shared decision-making process to help each woman make the choices that are right for her. Shared decision making includes mutual sharing of information about benefits and harms of the range of care options, respect for the woman’s autonomy to make decisions in accordance with her values and preferences, and freedom from coercion or punishment for her choices.


We believe that collaboration within an integrated maternity care system is essential for optimal mother-baby outcomes. All women and families planning a home or birth center birth have a right to respectful, safe, and seamless consultation, referral, transport and transfer of care when necessary. When ongoing inter-professional dialogue and cooperation occur, everyone benefits.


We are committed to an equitable maternity care system without disparities in access, delivery of care, or outcomes. This system provides culturally appropriate and affordable care in all settings, in a manner that is acceptable to all communities.

We are committed to an equitable educational system without disparities in access to affordable, culturally appropriate, and acceptable maternity care provider education for all communities.


It is our goal that all health professionals who provide maternity care in home and birth center settings have a license that is based on national certification that includes defined competencies and standards for education and practice.

We believe that guidelines should:

  • allow for independent practice
  • facilitate communication between providers and across care settings
  • encourage professional responsibility and accountability, and
  • include mechanisms for risk assessment.


We believe that increased participation by consumers in multi-stakeholder initiatives is essential to improving maternity care, including the development of high quality home birth services within an integrated maternity care system.


Effective communication and collaboration across all disciplines caring for mothers and babies are essential for optimal outcomes across all settings.

To achieve this, we believe that all health professional students and practitioners who are involved in maternity and newborn care must learn about each other’s disciplines, and about maternity and health care in all settings.


We are committed to improving the current medical liability system, which fails to justly serve society, families, and health care providers and contributes to:

  • inadequate resources to support birth injured children and mothers;
  • unsustainable healthcare and litigation costs paid by all;
  • a hostile healthcare work environment;
  • inadequate access to home birth and birth center birth within an integrated health care system, and;
  • restricted choices in pregnancy and birth.


We envision a compulsory process for the collection of patient (individual) level data on key process and outcome measures in all birth settings. These data would be linked to other data systems, used to inform quality improvement, and would thus enhance the evidence basis for care.


We recognize and affirm the value of physiologic birth for women, babies, families and society and the value of appropriate interventions based on the best available evidence to achieve optimal outcomes for mothers and babies.



In addition to practitioners, consumers, insurers, lawyers, ethicists, administrators, and policy makers, the participants included researchers with expertise in epidemiology, public health, midwifery, obstetrics, pediatrics, nursing, sociology, medical anthropology, legal, and health policy research. However, the goal of this summit was not to examine, debate, or form a consensus statement regarding the evidence published regarding safety or maternal-newborm outcomes of planned home birth. Rather, the goal was to discover areas of common ground among these diverse stakeholders, when considering the future of home birth in the United States. By addressing our shared responsibility, we were able to identify several important and relevant topics that may benefit from ongoing multidisciplinary engagement.


You can see the statements on the Summit page itself here. If you are interested and/or able in contributing to the ongoing costs of the Summit and consensus implementation, please visit the contribution page here

Please feel free to discuss the consensus statements below. 


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Reader Comments (12)

I especially like the data-gathering part (well, after the primacy of consent part). We could do so much more with better data.

November 1, 2011 | Unregistered Commenteremjaybee

How can I be involved?

November 1, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterSarah

Exciting! Makes me want to get involved to help keep the momentum going. Any jobs for the taking?

November 1, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterRomy

I like them ... the ideas and language seem fair and reasonable to me. It's a huge array of topics, too!
Will we hear more about the action plans?

November 1, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterJMT

I am a homebirth advocate and I approve of this message.

November 1, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterHeather

Ooh! I especially like statements 6 and 8!

November 1, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterAdriana

According to the website, Action Plans will be posted here eventually: http://www.homebirthsummit.org/updates.html

November 2, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterJMT

As JMT said above (apologies for the late response), it is my understanding that the action plans will be published on the site as well. In the meantime, join your local/preferred advocacy/professional organizations, as they will be called upon to help implement the action plans.

Emjaybee: I agree that the data part was a huge part. With better data, we can improve outcomes and decisions for all.

November 2, 2011 | Registered CommenterANaturalAdvocate

Was there any discussion of the disparities in access to midwifery care and the much-too-low representation of care providers from marginalized groups?

November 2, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterTatiana

Hey, just want to say I'm gluing my palm permanently to my face. Statement 3! (Thanks JMT) Yes, it's there and I'm so glad. I can't wait to see what the action plan is around it. The question of disparities is really the crux of my passion and engagement!

November 3, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterTatiana
This blog is all done!
Thanks for wanting to comment. This is an archive of a blog that once was. Take care! Jill